Archive for the ‘Infanta’ Category

5 Common Childhood Illnesses and How to Spot Them

April 16th, 2013 by admin

Among the standard colds, flus and skin complaints that are par for the course when children are young, there are also a few relatively common illnesses that you may not even be aware of until they strike. These are five of the more common ailments that affect children, along with the signs and symptoms that signal their arrival.

  1. Coxsackie – Coxsackie A virus is the culprit behind hand, foot and mouth disease. Though the names are similar, hand, foot and mouth disease is not related to hoof and mouth disease, which is a potentially-lethal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals exclusively. Hand, foot and mouth disease is a relatively common illness that usually strikes children five years of age or younger and is usually produced by Coxsackie A16. While it can be completely asymptomatic in many cases or only present with very mild symptoms, more severe cases can cause a fever lasting seven to 10 days, painful blisters on the soles of a child’s feet, the palms and fingers of his hands and the inside of his mouth. There is no specific treatment, but pain from blisters and fever may be treated with over-the-counter analgesics. For the most part, doctors will not prescribe medication, and only a very small percentage of patients with hand, foot and mouth disease will require hospitalization.
  2. Fifth Disease – Erythema infectiosum, more commonly known as fifth disease, is one possible manifestation of infection by erythrovirus, formerly known as parvovirus B19. Fifth disease presents with a low-grade fever at the outset of infection, headache and cold-like symptoms such as a stuffy or runny nose. A few days after these symptoms resolve, a bright red rash appears. Lacy and red, the rash generally covers most of a child’s body but is most pronounced on the cheeks, which is why the malady is colloquially known as “slapped cheek disease.” Once the rash appears, patients are generally no longer contagious. The rash generally lasts for two to three days, but can persist for several weeks in severe cases.
  3. Roseola – Roseola, also known as exanthem subitum or sixth disease, is a viral infection that causes a pink or red skin rash and high fever, and is most commonly found among infants and young children. The earliest symptoms include eye redness, sore throat, runny nose, irritability and a high fever that appears suddenly and rises as high as 105° Fahrenheit. The fever can last between three and seven days, but usually abates within two to four days. Lowering of the fever is generally accompanied by the appearance of a rash that begins at the trunk and spreads to the arms, legs, neck and face with a pink or rosy color. Small, slightly-raised sores also present, but the rash generally does not itch. The incubation period for roseola is between five and 15 days from the date of exposure.
  4. Scarlet Fever – Scarlet fever, or scarletina as it was once called, is a disease caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, which is the same family of bacteria that causes strep throat. Once a very serious and potentially-lethal childhood disease, scarlet fever is now easily treated. The incubation period for scarlet fever is very short, with symptoms appearing one to two days after exposure. Fever and sore throat are usually the first symptoms to appear, later presenting with a rash that appears on the neck and chest before spreading over the rest of the body. Abdominal pain, Pastia’s lines, chills, headache, muscle aches, swollen tongue and vomiting are amongst the common symptoms of scarlet fever, which must be treated with antibiotics promptly to prevent rheumatic fever.
  5. Whooping Cough – Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, causes uncontrollable, violent coughing that can make it difficult for the sufferer to breathe. Coughing is often accompanied by a deep “whooping” sound when the sufferer attempts to breathe. Pertussis is a very serious upper respiratory infection that can cause infants to become permanently disabled or even die if not properly treated. The earliest symptoms generally appear about one week after exposure, initially presenting with cold-like symptoms. Severe coughing generally begins 10 to 12 days later, with coughs that end in a “whooping” noise. For babies under six months of age, that telltale sound typically is not present.

While it’s impossible to keep kids in a sterile environment, many bacterial and viral illnesses can be prevented by encouraging good hygiene and hand-washing habits. Curiosity is a hallmark of childhood, but it can leave your little one’s hands in places that aren’t particularly clean, so make sure that good hand-washing habits are instilled early and emphasized often to prevent the spread of illnesses.

30 Blogs Helping Parents Care for Their Babies Better

February 13th, 2013 by admin

Once you have children, caring for your baby becomes your top concern, but it’s impossible to ever feel like you really know everything about providing the best care.  How can you possibly figure it all out?  The good news is that you don’t have to, because these 30 bloggers have done the legwork for you.  For questions about sleeping, feeding, safety and several other common concerns, check out these blog posts.

Sleeping

You have a newborn, so sleep is probably a foreign concept to you right now, but with the help of these five blog entries you might find some tips to get your baby to sleep longer, so you are able to sleep longer too.  And who couldn’t stand a little more sleep?

Feeding

You likely have a lot of questions surrounding the feeding of your baby, especially as you begin to expose your baby to new foods.  When is it okay to start adding cereal? Should I make my own baby food?  These and other questions are answered in these five blog posts.

Safety

Keeping your baby safe is probably your top priority, though one that comes with its own set of concerns.  It’s a little scary being totally responsible for a new little life.  For helpful tips and guidance, check out these five blogs.

Childcare

You need to go back to work and you are dreading leaving your baby with someone else.  How do you know you are making the right decision?  These bloggers have had to make similar decisions and are posting some helpful advice for other new moms.

Health

Babies aren’t born with a lot of immunities, they develop over time.  If you breastfeed, they may get some of your immunities, but how do you keep your baby healthy?  Here are some tips from bloggers who have faced the same thing.

Skincare

The phrase “soft as a baby’s bottom” has been used for years to describe silky soft skin, but what happens when your baby gets chapped?  To avoid chapped skin and other skin irritations take a look at these five blog posts.  Your baby will be glad that you did.

10 Ways to Keep Your Baby Away from Sickies

February 9th, 2012 by admin

With all the new strains of germs and viruses going around, no mother wants to subject her child to exposure. Although it’s pretty near impossible to completely avoid illness or the bugs that cause it, there are some things you can do.

  1. Keep the baby home during peak times of cold and flu season. – Whenever the flu season strikes or is about to strike it’s all over the news. This is a good time to keep the baby home unless you are going directly to a place you know everyone is healthy and the baby won’t be exposed to the public.
  2. Wash your hands often. – Germs and viruses can live for a couple of days on some surfaces so make sure you always wash your hands before handling your little one.
  3. If you are sick, wear a mask. – You probably can’t leave your child if you come down with a cold or the flu, but by wearing a mask you can provide some protection, and of course, make sure you wash your hands.
  4. Cover the baby with a receiving blanket. – If you need to go out and have to take the baby with you, take a receiving blanket along. When you get around other people just drape the blanket over the baby’s carrier or if you are holding the baby tent the blanket by draping it over your shoulder and covering the baby’s head.
  5. Hire a nanny or baby sitter. – For short periods of time or if there is going to be a longer stretch of time during cold and flu season that you have to be out in public, you may want to consider hiring a nanny or babysitter to stay with your child while you attend to business. Just make sure the person you hire doesn’t have a cold or the sniffles.
  6. Avoid crowded places. – Chances are someone in the crowd has a cold so staying away from places that are full of people will cut down the chances that the baby might pick up a bug.
  7. When you visit make sure everyone is healthy. – “Oh it’s just a little cold!” is not something you want to hear when you are visiting your friend and her toddler comes in nose running and eyes watery. It’s all right to find out if there are any sick folks before you go for a visit. Even mildly ill people can transfer bugs to your baby.
  8. Don’t let the baby on the floor in public places. – Unfortunately many parents let their little ones crawl around on the floor in public places, including medical clinics. Keep your baby on your lap or in the carrier. There are way too many germs around to let your baby loose on a public floor.
  9. Call before you go. – When you take your baby to see the doctor call before you go to find out how the schedule is running. You want to spend as little time as possible in the waiting room. If your doctor is running way behind, you may want to make plans to come in closer to the time she can actually see you.
  10. Reinforce wellness rules at home. – Brand new big brothers and sisters like to take part ownership of the new bundle of joy. If they come down with the sniffles you will need to help them understand that this is not a time for them to hang out with their baby sibling.

Keeping baby away from sick people may not always be the easiest thing to do. However with some planning and creative thinking you should be able to avoid most of the obvious threats to your child’s health.

10 Sure Fire Cures for Diaper Rash

February 3rd, 2012 by admin

Diaper rash has several potential causes, the most common type being the result of a combination of moisture, friction and irritants. So treatment of common diaper rash means effectively addressing these sources of the irritation. Here is a list of sure fire cures you can use for diaper rash:

  1. Change often. – As mentioned above irritants like poop and urine, plus the moisture therein and due to lack of air circulation result in diaper rash. So the first line of defense is frequent diaper changes.
  2. Rinse – Cloth diapers should be rinsed using a ½ cup of vinegar added to the rinse cycle. This will help to remove alkaline irritants.
  3. Loosen up. – No, not the baby’s stools, but her diapers. Air circulation is key to curing diaper rash, and loose-fitting diapers will promote that, as well as reduce chafing.
  4. Lansinoh® Diaper Rash Ointment – A very effective zinc-oxide topical cream in the treatment of diaper rash. Fragrance- and preservative-free.
  5. Calendula Ointment – A homeopathic alternative diaper cream. Natural ingredients, and natural healing properties for instant relief.
  6. Drink up. – No, not you, the baby. Giving him more fluids to drink will dilute his urine, thus decreasing irritation to his skin. Children older than 12 months can drink cranberry juice.
  7. Hydrocortisone 1% cream – Apply twice daily to reduce inflammation. Can be used in conjunction with other creams, but only as a short-term measure, as long-term use can lead to irritation of the sensitive skin in the diaper area.
  8. Clotrimazole Anti-fungal Cream – Use where there is evidence of a yeast infection. This type of rash will usually appear as red spots of irritation, as opposed to a general redness of the overall area in the case of common diaper rash.
  9. Desitin – An over-the-counter ointment, it can be used to reduce the irritation, but should not be applied directly to broken skin.
  10. Air it out. – Let your baby wear as little as possible, as often as possible, to allow her skin to remain dry and ventilated. It may mean having to do a little more laundry in the form of linens, towels, dresses and such, but your baby will be grateful.

10 Nicknames for Baby Poo

November 14th, 2011 by admin

Isn’t it interesting how we come up with our little slang terms to try and make disgusting things seem a little less, um, disgusting? Using technical terms just doesn’t seem quite right. Have you ever heard some say that their baby has a diaper full of feces? Nope. We have plenty of other names for it, but not that.

  1. Number Two – ‘Change his diaper? Which is it, number one or number two?’ No one is sure who came up with this anatomical numbering system, but it has become a pretty universal code for distinguishing the bodily waste source being referred to. If you are uncertain about this association, number one is in the front and number two is in the ‘rear’.
  2. Stinky – The unpleasant smell which accompanies “number two” is often the first indication that a baby’s diaper needs changing, therefore, the tag ‘stinky diaper’ is often used in reference. If it was just ‘stinky’, it wouldn’t be so bad, but there’s more to it than the smell.
  3. Messy – This is the part that the term ‘stinky diaper’ leaves out. A stinky diaper is generally, also, a ‘messy diaper’. It means that you also need to get out the package of diaper wipes to facilitate the cleanup before putting a fresh diaper on the baby.
  4. Doo-doo – I’m not sure where this duet originated from, but it is heard from time to time in nurseries and daycare centers.
  5. Package – A ‘package’ has been delivered and it’s neatly wrapped up inside the baby’s diaper. All it takes is a little sniff, and, yep, we have a package, alright.
  6. Poopie – ‘Did the baby go poopie?’ This one seems to be used more by children than by adults, but I’m sure that the children learned it from adults, so we’ll classify it as trans-generational.
  7. Yucky – This term throws the stinky and messy terms together and just calls it what it is, ‘yucky’. Every mom has changed her share of ‘yucky’ diapers.
  8. Fresh dollars – It is believed that this term dates back to when dollars were still minted coins rather than pieces of paper. Did coins come out of a ‘slot in the back’ of a machine back then?
  9. Toots – ‘Peeeyuuuu, smells like the baby has a diaper-load of toots.’ This nickname may actually be a shortened version of another one, ‘tootsie rolls’. Obviously, the name is coming from the visual similarity to those soft, brown chunks of chewy chocolate that we’ve all eaten as kids. (Just lost your appetite for those, didn’t you?)
  10. Ka-ka – Also spelled, caca, has a French origin, meaning excrement. The root actually goes further back into the latin term for defecate, caco. You will find similar sounding terms used in most languages with a latin base. If a Frenchman ever tells you that you’re ‘full of caca’, you’ll know exactly what he means, won’t you?

With this little vocabulary lesson, you will now be able to converse on the subject of ‘soiled diapers’ with a much greater pool of terms to choose from. Won’t the other nannies and moms be impressed?

10 Tips for Hiring a Sitter for an Infant

September 10th, 2011 by admin

Leaving an infant in the care of a new sitter can make parents a bit nervous. However, if you take the time to find a fully, qualified sitter and give them the proper instructions, there should be no need to worry. Here are 10 tips for hiring a new sitter for an infant.

  1. Infant care training – Verify that the person has had some training in the care of infants. How to properly hold, feed and care for an infant is not something that just comes naturally.
  2. First aide training – Check with the potential sitter to find out if they are trained in ‘infant’ first aide and/or infant CPR. Hopefully, those skills will not be needed, but if they are, you will want someone there who knows how to handle an infant during a medical emergency.
  3. Mature – Infant care should be done by individuals who are mature enough to handle such an important responsibility. Remember that age and maturity do not always correlate.
  4. Experience – There is nothing that teaches better than experience. A sitter for your infant should have had experience babysitting for other infants or caring for infant siblings or infants of their own.
  5. References – Ask for references that include other families with infants that the babysitter has cared for. Take the time to make calls to the references given and ask some basic questions about their opinion of this person as it regards infant care.
  6. Background check – Many babysitter referral agencies do background checks on all their babysitters. This is an especially important item to include for a babysitter of an infant.
  7. Detailed feeding instructions – Since parents have different feeding schedules and preferences for their infants, it is very important to provide very detailed instructions about how often the baby should be fed, how much it is fed and how to prepare the formula and/or baby food.
  8. Sleeping habits – Sleeping positions and habits can also vary greatly from one household to another. Instruct your sitter on whether your infant is used to sleeping on the stomach, side or back. Let them also know if you normally rock them to sleep or simply lie them down. They will have a much easier time putting the child down in their crib if they’ll follow the procedures that the child is used to.
  9. Early arrival – Have the sitter arrive several minutes early for the first babysitting appointment. This will allow you the time necessary to show them where feeding and changing items are located and to go over your instructions regarding feeding and sleep time. It will also give them some time to familiarize themselves with the infant, if they are awake when they arrive.
  10. Written notes – Don’t depend on your memory and the memory of your sitter when it comes to all the specific details related to caring for your infant child. Write everything down ahead of time. This will help eliminate concern on your part that the sitter may not have understood something or that you might have forgotten to tell them something. Include your cell phone and any other emergency contact numbers with those written instructions.

There are lots of reliable, experienced babysitters for infants. You just need to do a little extra work to make sure that you have found one of those and that you also do your part to provide them with the information they need to properly care for your child.

Taking Care of an Infant

October 22nd, 2009 by admin

Infant care doesn’t have to be as overwhelming as some make it out to be. As a babysitter, you just need to know a few basic things about taking care of an infant to insure that baby receives proper care.

First, the babysitter should know how old the baby is and how often the baby is fed. Feeding the baby is a pleasurable experience. Simply cradle the baby in your arms with one arm in a comfy chair, then with the other hand put the bottle to the baby’s mouth. Frequent burping is a must or the infant can get gas bubbles causing a tummy ache, often resulting in a lot of spit up spilling out over you, the babysitter, and the baby. So be sure to have a burp cloth handy. The babysitter should realize that a fed baby is usually a happy baby. However, there are a few other basics that will keep a normal infant happy in your care.

Frequent diaper changes for wet and dirty diapers are another way to be sure the infant in your care has his or her needs met. Make sure you know where the diaper changing area is so you have easy access to diapers, diaper wipes, and baby powder.

Third, as the babysitter you should know the infant’s sleeping habits. Does the infant fuss when tired or need a bottle before settling down to sleep? Does the infant have regular naptimes/bedtime? Be sure to ask if the baby likes to be rocked to sleep or walked to sleep, as this will save you from having to guess.

As the babysitter wanted, you could do a little research in regard to the baby’s age so that you know how to prepare yourself. Then add to that knowledge any particulars the infant’s parents offer to you.

When calming the baby, try singing or playing some relaxing music or even going to a different room, as babies can get bored of their surroundings.

Remember infants need lots of love and care.